Yuko Harayama, RIKEN
AI and Society: From the Innovation Policy Perspective
Digital technologies empowered by AI are already embedded in everyday life, facilitating to get information from all around the world, transforming our working practices, impacting the way we humans interact, we build our preference and we decide. We are strongly dependent of information generated by these means, which implies the need to ensure its quality, credibility and validity, while, in some circumstances, the decision-making power of human is challenged by the presence of AI. Also, the deployment of these technologies does not necessarily mean better life, it can also reinforce bias, and digital divide may occur.
Recognizing the transformative power of these technologies, most of government are considering AI as a priority area for investment, and formulating AI strategy.
Japan in no exception. Based on these observations, Japan has introduced in 2016 a framework, so called “Society 5.0”, to drive its Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), in view of extracting the potential of digital technologies, while achieving a “better life”. In my presentation, I will briefly introduce the concept of “Society 5.0”, and then discuss the ethical challenges posed by AI, through the lens of Society 5.0.
Yuko Harayama is a former Executive Director at RIKEN in charge of international affairs. Prior to joining RIKEN, Dr. Harayama spent five years at the Cabinet Office of Japan as an Executive Member of the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI), two years at the OECD as the Deputy Director of the Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI), and ten years at the Graduate School of Engineering of Tohoku University as a professor of Science and Technology Policy.
Dr. Harayama holds a Ph.D. in Education Sciences and a Ph.D. in Economics both from the University of Geneva. She has received Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur in 2011. She is an International Fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and a Foundation Fellow of the International Science Council.