Tips to Create Robots that Contribute to Society and Science
Professor Emeritus of Tokyo Institute of Technology
Director of the Hyper-Environmental Robots (HERO) Laboratory
I am currently working in the HERO (Hyper-Environmental Robots Lab) to develop robots that can perform various tasks in nuclear power plants and decommissioning operations. In the development of robots for decommissioning work, it is necessary to create a novel robotic mechanism that no one in the world has ever seen before.
In this presentation, we will discuss how to proceed with the development. The flow can be summarized in the following five steps.
- Clarify objectives and constraints.
- Propose solutions utilizing all physical phenomena.
- Immediately prototype and clarify feasibility.
- Evaluate in light of the original purpose, proceed with simplification by integrating multiple functions, and make another prototype.
- If necessary, repeat the above steps with a determination to make bold changes to the design.
In addition, we will show through several examples that such practical robot development promotes unexpected discoveries in the manner of “Analysis by Synthesis,” and argue that such discoveries are the way for contributing to Robotics science.
Shigeo Hirose is Professor Emeritus of Tokyo Institute of Technology and Director of the Hyper-Environmental Robots (HERO) Laboratory. After receiving PhD degree of Control Engineering from Tokyo Institute of Technology in 1976, he has been assistant professor, associate professor, professor, distinguished professor and director of SMS development & innovation center. In HERO Lab., he is now developing many types of hyper-environmental robots including decommissioning robots for the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Reactor. He received nearly 80 awards, including Order of the Sacred Treasure from Japanese government (2021), IEEE Most Influential Paper Award (2018), Top 10 Most Cited Papers Award, Mechanism and Machine Theory (2017), IEEE Inaba Technical Award for Innovation Leading to Production (2017), IEEE Robotics and Automation Award (2014), Joseph Engelberger Robotics Award (2009), Medal with Purple Ribbon from Japanese government (2006), Award of Merits from IFToMM (2004), IEEE Pioneer in Robotics & Automation Award (1999). He has published more than 1000 academic papers and books, including “Biologically Inspired Robots” (Oxford University Press, 1993).